We are soon entering the month of Dzulhijjah. In this glorious month, there are routine worship activities for Muslims around the world, namely slaughtering sacrificial animals. Performing the sacrifice of the law is a sunnah muakkad for every Muslim, mature, intelligent and capable. Sacrificial worship is slaughtering animals during the feast of sacrifice and on Tasyrik Day, namely on the 11th, 12th, and 13th of Dzulhijjah. However, the law of sacrificing can be obligatory if it is as you wish before (Nadzar). For example, if someone promises to make sacrifices if he succeeds in getting certain achievements.
As for the animal which is sufficient and valid to be used for qurban, it is Lamb (dlo’nu), when it is one year old and enters its second year. Peanut goat / small type (ma’zu), when it is two years old, it is perfect and enters its third year. Cows, when they are two years old, are perfect and enter their third year. For one camel and cow it is sufficient for the sacrifice of seven people, while the goat is only sufficient for the sacrifice of one person.
One person who sacrifices with one goat is more important than one who sacrifices with a camel or cow that is used to sacrifice for seven people.
There are several things that make it illegal for animals to be used for qurban, namely: Animals that are blind in one eye. An animal that limps on one of its legs, even though the limping occurs when it is about to be slaughtered, that is, when it is knocked down and it moves very vigorously. An animal that is sick is like an obvious pain that causes thinness and spoils the flesh. An animal so thin that it caused him to lose his mind. Animals that have partially or completely cut off their ears. Animals that have their tails cut off in part or in whole, while animals with broken or broken horns are valid for sacrifice, as well as animals that do not have horns.
Provisions in Sacrifice
The person who sacrifices is required to carry out the intention of sacrificing when slaughtering or menta’yin (determining the animal) before being slaughtered. People who represent the slaughter of sacrificial animals (muwakkil), then it is considered sufficient intention.
For men, the sunnah sacrificial animal is slaughtered alone, because itba ‘(following the Prophet). It is sunnah for women to be represented, and it is sunnah for them to witness the slaughter carried out by their representatives
If the sacrifice is a sunnah, not a sacrifice that is nadzar, then it is permissible (even sunnah) for him to eat the meat of the sacrifice, one, two or three mouthfuls, because it is for tabarruk (seeking blessings) with udlhiyyah. It is permissible for him to feed (ith’am) the Muslim rich. It is obligatory for him to give the qurban meat. The most afdhal is giving charity all the meat of the qurban, except what he eats for sunnah.
If the person who sacrifices eats, then sadaqah and presents it to others, then it is sunnah for him not to eat more than a third.
It is permissible for him to donate the skin of a sacrificial animal, or make furniture and use it for many people, but it is not permissible for him to sell it or rent it out.